By now, you’ve probably heard about the dramatic increase of cases of heart disease and stroke over the past few decades, including the increase in strokes in the United States.
But in a study published in the journal Circulation, the director of the Cardiovascular Institute at the University of Minnesota and co-author of the study, Dr. James F. Buehler, said the dramatic rise in the incidence of heart attacks and strokes is largely attributable to the increasing use of medication that is associated with these diseases.
In the study’s findings, Drs.
Bueshler and Dr. Timothy E. Stotts, director of preventive medicine at Northwestern University, found that the use of statins and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) was associated with a 1.3-fold increase in the number of heart attack and stroke cases among people between the ages of 60 and 74.
The researchers also found that people who were taking ACE inhibitors were more likely to be diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, which is a buildup of fluid in the heart.
“We found that there is a significant increase in ACE inhibitor use over the last few years, and we know from our study that it has an impact on heart attack risk,” Dr. Buedhler said.
The increase in cardiac arrests and strokes in this country can be traced back to the 1960s and 1970s, when drug companies began making cholesterol-lowering medications, which had similar effects to ACE inhibitors.
But because of the rise in prescriptions for ACE inhibitors, the drugs’ effectiveness declined.
And over time, these medications had the effect of causing an increase in heart attacks.
In 2007, the American Heart Association recommended that people should stop taking these drugs, citing “a growing body of literature showing a link between ACE inhibitors and cardiovascular disease and death.”
The use of these medications continued to increase in recent years, but in 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revised its recommendation to discourage their use, stating that “there is insufficient evidence that ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, or stroke.”
Dr. Michael J. Hochberg, a professor of cardiology at Columbia University and the author of the Cochrane Collaboration’s book Cardiovascular Risk and Health, told CNN that he was surprised to see the dramatic trend in cases.
“It was pretty surprising to me, because I think we all thought that the ACE inhibitor is safe,” he said.
“The drug itself is safe, and there are no side effects.
But when you take the drug with other drugs, the side effects are much more severe.”
As heart disease rates have soared in recent decades, so have deaths from cardiovascular diseases.
The number of Americans who died from cardiovascular disease doubled between 1980 and 2010, according to the CDC.
A report released in June by the Department of Health and Human Services showed that the number one cause of death in the U.S. in 2014 was heart disease.
Deaths from stroke, diabetes, cancer, and congestive heart failure all rose during the same period, and the number and severity of heart and stroke deaths were also rising.
“So the number-one cause of heart failure, which we had seen steadily increasing over the years, was actually declining,” Dr, Hochback said.
A 2015 study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association found that more than 20 million Americans suffer from hypertension, a condition that can lead to blood clots.
The study also found more than 10 million Americans have diabetes.
But the number who have heart disease is still relatively small, Dr Hochberger said.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, about 1 in 6 Americans are overweight or obese, and nearly 10 million are at risk for heart disease or stroke.
The increased use of ACE inhibitors may also have something to do with the increasing number of people who are taking statins, which have been shown to reduce blood pressure.
In a study by the Cleveland Clinic, researchers found that taking statin medications for at least two years, rather than the average of six months, increased the risk for developing hypertension.
Statins have also been linked to an increased risk of heart blockages.
Dr. John L. Stolz, a cardiologist at the Cleveland Medical Center and coauthor of this study, told Healthline that the increase of cardiovascular events in recent times has to do more with medications than drugs themselves.
“There are a lot of drugs that are associated with hypertension that are no longer available, and these drugs are no more effective than before,” Dr Stolaz said.
Dr Hachsler said the findings in the study do not necessarily mean that statins should be stopped altogether.
“For statins to be effective, they need to be associated with an increased chance of reducing blood pressure, and that is not the